Dust emission has become a major cause of environmental pollution which has many adverse effects on living beings and non living things. Construction industry revolution and development of Southern Pune has led to an increase in the demand of building materials manifold. The process of quarrying for extraction of building materials is responsible for heavy air pollution. Blasting, handling and transportation of aggregates emits large quantity of dust particles within Katraj region. Dry weather condition and high speed wind spreads the dust which increases the environmental risk. The objective to study the analysis of impact of dust pollution on environment within the Katraj region is to assess the potential risks in quantitative and qualitative manner. The core knowledge of dust concentration, behavior and complex properties of particulate matter helps to formulate the methods and policies to exert control on their emission and distribution. The natural as well as artificial lakes, the source of ground water in Southern region of Katraj, are subjected to the deposition of heavy suspended particulate matter. Through experimentation, it has been observed that the deposition of such dust matter in the local atmosphere has led to significant changes in the physical, chemical and biological parameters relating to natural resources as it reflects in the alarming deviation of these parameters from standard values. The present study will create awareness and save the environment of Katraj from impending consequences of dust particle emission.