This study is an attempt to furnish the Ayurvedic identity to Dyslipidemia which is a disease with symptomatically silent nature. Dyslipidemia has been identified as an independent risk factor for the development of CVD. Cardiovascular diseases are the emerging cause of increased mortality rates now-a-days. In Ayurveda, Dyslipidemia is described under various nomenclatures such as Medodushti, Atisnigdhadhatu, Dushit kleda etc. Dyslipidemia is a form of Kaphavikara specifically may be Medodushti in the form of AbaddhaMeda. As per involvement of Dosha-dushya the disease can be considered among ‘SantarpanaJanyaVikaras’. The major pathological factors behind the disease basically include Kaphavriddhi, Jathargnidushti, Medodhatvagnimandya & Avarana of Vata which all finally leads to Amarupa Medovridhi. The Dravya which are having Katu, Kashaya Rasa, Ushna, Teekshna Guna and Lekhana, Deepana, Pachana properties reduce Kapha, Meda, Ama and increase power of Agni are choice of drugs for treatment of Dyslipidemia. The Shodhana measures mentioned in the ‘SantarpanaJanyaVikaras’ are Vamana, Virechana and Raktamokshana.