At present, Thai government focused on developing the quality of life of elderly issue. This research aimed to explore the health status of the elderly living in Phimai District, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand. The collection of data using questionnaire (Barthel ADL index) from 1,081 elders. Analyses of research data employed descriptive statistics and Chi-square. The research conducted during May - October 2014. The results showed that; the most elderly were in ability group (86.22%), 11.10% were in semi-disability group and 2.68% were in disability group. The relationships between sex, age and health status was statistically significant (p<0.05). Therefore, the elderly health service providers should work towards maintaining and enhancing well-being of the elderly.