In this study, firstly, we located the medical facilities in Kabul city. Secondly, defined the access and accessibility for the specified medical facilities based on the city planning standards of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. And finally, in order to find how fair, do the current medical facilities are distributing in the city we analyzed them by calculating the accessibility rate to the medical facilities in Kabul city, in formal residential and informal residential areas of the city, and lastly in non-residential areas of the city. The study has been undertaken based on the manipulation and analysis of the geo-spatial data, through ArcGIS and Microsoft Excel software. In short, the result of study revealed the unfair distribution pattern of the existing medical facilities in built-up areas of the Kabul city wherein accessibility rate to the medical facilities for the formal residential areas of the city much exceeding from the accessibility rate to the medical facilities in the informal residential areas of the city.