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Heybatollah Najandimanesh,Fahimeh (Farimah) Mohamadi Kashkooli

No development may made without education. According to article 26 of Universal Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR), (1948), education is regarded as one the human rights through which the other human rights shall be promoted and protected. There is, therefore, a mutual relationship between education and human rights. Education may be considered as a means in the service of the human rights. To fulfill their obligations in the field of human rights, the governments need to educate the people. According to the preamble of UDHR, every individual and every organ of society shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for the rights and freedoms, articulated in the declaration, and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction. Article 26 (1) of the UDHR provides for that “Everyone has the right to education”. Education is regarded as a human right for every human being. Although education requires high costs, but the declaration states “[e]ducation shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages”(Article 26). Certainly the higher education shall be equally accessible for all on the basis of merit. The purpose of the education shall be full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace (article 26). Education needs to encompass values such as peace, non-discrimination, equality, justice and respect for the human dignity. This article deals with the impact of education on human rights. It also introduces education model among the Iranian nomadic groups, awarded the UNESCO international award for fight against illiteracy. In short the ultimate goal of education is to achieving the sustainable protection and promotion of human rights.