In India there are many small scale textile industries. Cotton dust in the work place is major problem in SSTI. This problem is more severe in spinning section. Dust consists of small and microscopic particles of various substances which are present as suspended particles in air. These particles are harmful to human health. Because of this various diseases are occurred like shortness of breath, cough, and lungs cancer.Various aspects of health hazards in textile industries have been discussed. To reduce this health hazards, there a need of dust collector. If we developed a low cost dust collector for SSTI.