- The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of proteinuria and the risk factors related to it in rural and urban women. A sample of 315 hospitalized and ambulatory patients from Shkodra region, aged 18-88 years was interviewed and the following measurements were performed: blood pressure, body mass index, glycemia and urine protein. Of these, 118 (37.5%) were from the rural areas and 197 (62.5%) from urban areas. The data of the two groups were elaborated and the obtained results were compared. The prevalence of proteinuria in the total number of the study subjects was 32.4%. In urban locations the prevalence of proteinuria, hypertension and diabetes were 27.9, 44.2 and 14.7% while in rural locations were 39.8, 44.1, and 13.6%, respectively. So, proteinuria was more prevalent among rural women, diabetes being less prevalent in rural areas while the prevalence of hypertension was the same in rural and urban areas. We found statistically significant relation of proteinuria with age, hypertension, diabetes, obesity and elementary education in the urban areas. While in the urban areas there was a significant relationship of proteinuria only with age and diabetes.