Data mining, knowledge discovery is the process of analyzing data from different perspectives and summarizing it into useful information information that can be used to increase revenue, cuts costs, or both. Data mining software is one of a number of analytical tools for analyzing data. It allows users to analyze data from many different dimensions or angles, categorize it, and summarize the relationships identified. Technically, data mining is the process of finding correlations or patterns among dozens of fields in large relational databases. The goal of clustering is to determine the intrinsic grouping in a set of unlabeled data. But how to decide what constitutes a good clustering? It can be shown that there is no absolute best criterion which would be independent of the final aim of the clustering. Consequently, it is the user which must supply this criterion, in such a way that the result of the clustering will suit their needs. For instance, we could be interested in finding representatives for homogeneous groups (data reduction), in finding natural clusters and describe their unknown properties (natural data types), in finding useful and suitable groupings (useful data classes) or in finding unusual data objects (outlier detection).Of late, clustering techniques have been applied in the areas which involve browsing the gathered data or in categorizing the outcome provided by the search engines for the reply to the query raised by the users. In this paper, we are providing a comprehensive survey over the document clustering.