This paper is a review of research work in last decade on temperature distribution in turning process. Research is going on to investigate the level of maximum temperature generated at tool rake face and to control this temperature thereby improving the tool life and quality of workpiece. In this study, the temperature generated on rake face of cutting tool and experimental methods for measurement of temperature are reviewed. Out of number of interface temperature measuring methods, the special attention has been paid to the tool work thermocouple as it is easy to apply and inexpensive as compared to other techniques. The procedure for the working of tool work thermocouple and the method of calibration is described in this paper. The calibration set up establishes the relationship between emf developed and the cutting temperature. To compare and validate the experimental results, the FEA model is the best way and also it helps to locate the highly temperature affected area on the tool insert