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A Case Study of Fukuoka Landfill Method and Environmental Impact Assessment of Solid Waste Management in Kabul City

Abdul Wahid Amiri, June-ichiro Giorgos Tsutsumi, Ryo Nakamatsu

Today, Kabul municipality “KM” is highly dependent on landfilling method, for their disposing municipal waste materials. Where there is no an appropriate solid waste landfills system, while landfills only means as open dumpsites. The central problem in untreated landfill disposal and leachate control. Among the reasons that landfills remain a popular alternative for KM are their simplicity and versatility. The main objective of this study is to establish a standard sanitary landfill system of solid waste landfilling based on Fukuoka method (semi-aerobic landfills). this method consisted on a leachate collection pipe is set up at the floor of landfill in order to remove water from the landfill. In addition, examines the environmental impact assessment of current situation of solid waste open dumped sites, open-burning, and standard sanitary landfilling system. By examining this important environmental case, the risk of open burning and untreated landfill are much higher and will cause a lot of consequences soon at the future. The results from both case sugested that the current parcticing landills must stop immediately and move froward for well engineering landfill system. In order to, create environmentally friendly landfills, Fukuoka landfill is a rational method that should be stimulated by municipal institutional which is responsible for solid waste management.